Al Capone – A Chicago legend

Alphonse Capone was born in Brooklyn in 1899 and completed his education through sixth grade. He then joined a street gang led by Johnny Torrio, of which Lucky Luciano was a member. As a teenager, he worked as a bouncer in a Brooklyn brothel and parlor, where an angry customer slammed him in the face, leaving him with a large scar that gave him the nickname "Scarface." In 1920, Johnny Torrio moved to Chicago to work for his great-uncle Jim Jim Collisimo, and Torrio took Capone. With the advent of the Prohibition, illegal alcohol became a major new mafia industry. In the fight to control this profitable business, Torrio and Capone killed Jim Collisimo, and eventually killed all the other oppositions who stood in the way of the monopoly of their liquor. In 1924, their assassination of Dion Oion, Banion, head of the Chicago Mafia of the North Side, led to an all-out war that almost resulted in Torri's death. Torrio decided to move back east, so he shifted his business interests to Al Capone.

Capone was now 26 and controlled the crime empire worth over thirty million dollars. His main rackets were illegal liquor, prostitution and gambling. It had over a hundred employees, with a weekly payroll of $ 300,000. He had a knack for publicity and became a Chicago celebrity, captivated by a sympathetic crowd when he attended ball games or concerts. However, he still had enemies. In 1926, Banion gang survivors sent a machine-gun department to Capone's headquarters at the Lexington Hotel and fired more than a thousand bullets; nevertheless Scarface managed to escape intact. The infamous 1929 Valentine's Day massacre against rival gang Bugs Moran sent corpses to a hospital in Chicagoland and provoked public outrage, forcing the Federal Government to take steps to close Capone. Then Eliot Ness came to Chicago with his department Untouchable.

Eventually Capone was sentenced to eleven years in a federal prison in Atlanta. In 1934, he was moved to Alcatraz, a high security prison in San Francisco Bay, infamous for its holes (the tiny cells where prisoners were beaten). Prisoners were forbidden to speak, whistle or sing, except for three minutes twice a day at morning and afternoon recreational intervals. Entering Alcatraz with his usual arrogance, Capone was stabbed three times in the hole – twice for breaking the silence and once for trying to bribe one of the guards for information on the outside. Other prisoners also tried his life, including stabbing, which sent him to the hospital.

The beatings and scares, as well as the advanced syphilis that he contracted at a young age, eventually burst with Al Capone's thoughts. He would lean into the corner of the cell and whimper at the baby talking to himself. He would necessarily make up for the bunk bed. When he was released from prison in 1939, he retired from the public and, avoiding a life-aided Chicagoland, moved to a summer residence located in Miami Beach. For the next eight years, his mind floated between lucid and psychotic. He died of cerebral hemorrhage in 1947, his body was returned to Chicago, and today he is interned at Mt. Carmel Cemetery.